|berühmte Seekarte des Osmanen Piri Reis, |
mit Teilen Amerikas, 16. Jh.
The first book of volume 2 of the monumental History of Cartography focuses on mapping in non-Western cultures, an area of study traditionally overlooked by Western scholars. Extensive original research makes this the foremost source for defining, describing, and analyzing this vast and unexplored theater of cartographic history. Book 1 offers a critical synthesis of maps, mapmaking, and mapmakers in the Islamic world and South Asia.
Ein Ausschnitt aus der Einleitung:
One objective of The History of Cartography is to redefine and expand the canon of early maps. The corpus of maps (or map types) described in the previous literature on the history of cartography appears to us today unduly restricted and unnecessarily exclusive. It was based on assumptions that narrowed its scope and rendered it unrepresentative of the richness of mapping across the historical civilizations of the world as a whole. "Maps" meant, in that literature, primarily terrestrial maps, so that star maps, cosmographical maps, and imagined maps, for example, were generally excluded as ways of seeing the world. With the notable exception of the inclusion of China, cartographic history was pictured as largely a Greco-Roman invention or was narrated, for the later periods (the sixteenth century onward), as an accompaniment to the "miracle" of expanding European technology. Even within the core of accredited cartography, pride of place was given to the history of mathematically constructed-"scientific"-maps, so that the history of maps could culminate in the "scale" maps of the modern age and fit the notion of "progress" from a primitive past to a state of modern enlightenment. ...
"[The six-volume set] is certain to be the standard reference for all subsequent scholarship. The editors . . . have assembled and analyzed a vast collection of knowledge. . . . If the first volume is an indication, the complete set will be comprehensive and judicious." —John Noble Wilford, New York Times Book Review"As well as enlarging the mind and lifting the spirits through the sheer magnitude of its endeavor, the collection delights the senses. The illustrations are exquisite: browsing fingers will instinctively alight on the sheaf of maps produced on stock slightly thicker than that of the text. The maps are so beguiling in the tantalizing glimpses they offer of other, seemingly incomprehensible, worlds, that the sight of them will stir the connoisseur in even the most-guarded scholar." —Ronald Rees, Geographical Review
"The corpus it brings to light, along with the extensive references, bibliography, and exhaustive appendices containing valuable comments about many of the pieces discussed, together make this book an important resource for the scholar."—Robert Provin, Professional Geographer
"This volume is a landmark of new research and will certainly contribute to further discoveries, translations, interpretations, inventories, more precise dating and the construction of stemmata." —Christian Jacob, Cartographica
"In seeking to characterize the cartography of premodern Islamic and south Asian societies, the editors offer the image of an archipelago of cartographically conscious islands in a silent sea. The research potential which they have revealed is clearly vast and underappreciated, with many islands still to be discovered or enlarged. This important book, does more, therefore, than plug a huge gap in cartographic historiography. It provides the foundation for crosscultural cartographic research in two major world regions."-Jeffrey Stone, Ecumene